Audio classification guide for web

The MediaPipe Audio Classifier task lets you perform classification on audio data. You can use this task to identify sound events from a set of trained categories. These instructions show you how to use the Audio Classifier for Node and web apps.

You can see this task in action by viewing the demo. For more information about the capabilities, models, and configuration options of this task, see the Overview.

Code example

The example code for Audio Classifier provides a complete implementation of this task in JavaScript for your reference. This code helps you test this task and get started on building your own audio classification app. You can view, run, and edit the Audio Classifier example code using just your web browser.


This section describes key steps for setting up your development environment and code projects specifically to use Audio Classifier. For general information on setting up your development environment for using MediaPipe tasks, including platform version requirements, see the Setup guide for web.

JavaScript packages

Audio Classifier code is available through the MediaPipe @mediapipe/tasks-audio NPM package. You can find and download these libraries from links provided in the platform Setup guide.

You can install the required packages with the following code for local staging using the following command:

npm install @mediapipe/tasks-audio

If you want to import the task code through a content delivery network (CDN) service, add the following code in the tag in your HTML file:

<!-- Replace "" with your CDN -->
  <script src=""


The MediaPipe Audio Classifier task requires a trained model that is compatible with this task. For more information on available trained models for Audio Classifier, see the task overview Models section.

Select and download a model, and then store it within your project directory, for example:


Create the task

Use one of the Audio Classifier createFrom...() functions to prepare the task for running inferences. Use the createFromModelPath() function with a relative or absolute path to the trained model file. If your model is already loaded into memory, you can use the createFromModelBuffer() method.

The code example below demonstrates using the createFromOptions() function to set up the task. The createFromOptions function allows you to customize the Audio Classifier with configuration options. For more information on configuration options, see Configuration options.

The following code demonstrates how to build and configure the task with custom options:

const audio = await FilesetResolver.forAudioTasks(

const audioClassifier = await AudioClassifier.createFromOptions(audio, {
    baseOptions: {

The Audio Classifier example code implementation allows the user to choose between processing modes. The approach makes the task creation code more complicated and may not be appropriate for your use case. You can see the different modes in the runAudioClassification() and runStreamingAudioClassification() functions of the example code.

Configuration options

This task has the following configuration options for Web and JavaScript applications:

Option Name Description Value Range Default Value
displayNamesLocale Sets the language of labels to use for display names provided in the metadata of the task's model, if available. Default is en for English. You can add localized labels to the metadata of a custom model using the TensorFlow Lite Metadata Writer API Locale code en
maxResults Sets the optional maximum number of top-scored classification results to return. If < 0, all available results will be returned. Any positive numbers -1
scoreThreshold Sets the prediction score threshold that overrides the one provided in the model metadata (if any). Results below this value are rejected. [0.0, 1.0] Not set
categoryAllowlist Sets the optional list of allowed category names. If non-empty, classification results whose category name is not in this set will be filtered out. Duplicate or unknown category names are ignored. This option is mutually exclusive with categoryDenylist and using both results in an error. Any strings Not set
categoryDenylist Sets the optional list of category names that are not allowed. If non-empty, classification results whose category name is in this set will be filtered out. Duplicate or unknown category names are ignored. This option is mutually exclusive with categoryAllowlist and using both results in an error. Any strings Not set

Prepare data

Audio Classifier works with audio clips and audio streams, and can work with audio files in any format supported by the host browser. The task handles the data input preprocessing, including resampling, buffering, and framing.

Run the task

The Audio Classifier uses the classify() method to run inferences for audio clip files or audio streams. The Audio Classifier API returns the possible categories for audio events recognized in the input audio.

Calls to the Audio Classifier classify() method run synchronously and blocks the user interface thread. If you classify audio from a device's microphone, each classification will block the main thread. You can prevent this by implementing web workers to run classify() on another thread.

The following code demonstrates how to execute the processing with the task model:

Audio clips

// Create audio buffer
const sample = await response.arrayBuffer();
const audioBuffer = await audioCtx.decodeAudioData(sample);

// Use AudioClassifier to run classification
const results = audioClassifier.classify(

Audio stream

stream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia(constraints);
audioCtx = new AudioContext({ sampleRate: 16000 });

const source = audioCtx.createMediaStreamSource(stream);
const scriptNode = audioCtx.createScriptProcessor(16384, 1, 1);

scriptNode.onaudioprocess = function (audioProcessingEvent) {
  const inputBuffer = audioProcessingEvent.inputBuffer;
  let inputData = inputBuffer.getChannelData(0);

  // Classify the audio
  const result = audioClassifier.classify(inputData);
  const categories = result[0].classifications[0].categories;

For a more complete implementation of running an Audio Classifier task, see the code example.

Handle and display results

Once you complete an inference run, the Audio Classifier task returns an AudioClassifierResult object which contains the list of possible categories for the objects within the input audio.

  Timestamp in microseconds: 100
  ClassificationResult #0:
    Timestamp in microseconds: 100  
    Classifications #0 (single classification head):
      head index: 0
      category #0:
        category name: "Speech"
        score: 0.6
        index: 0
      category #1:
        category name: "Music"
        score: 0.2
        index: 1

The Audio Classifier example code demonstrates how to display the classification results returned from the task, see the code example for details.