Face landmark detection guide for Web

The MediaPipe Face Landmarker task lets you detect face landmarks and facial expressions in images and videos. You can use this task to identify human facial expressions, apply facial filters and effects, and create virtual avatars. This task uses machine learning (ML) models that can work with single images or a continuous stream of images. The task outputs 3-dimensional face landmarks, blendshape scores (coefficients representing facial expression) to infer detailed facial surfaces in real-time, and transformation matrices to perform the transformations required for effects rendering.

These instructions show you how to use the Face Landmarker for web and JavaScript apps. For more information about the capabilities, models, and configuration options of this task, see the Overview.

Code example

The example code for Face Landmarker provides a complete implementation of this task in JavaScript for your reference. This code helps you test this task and get started on building your own face landmarker app. You can view, run, and edit the Face Landmarker example code using just your web browser.


This section describes key steps for setting up your development environment specifically to use Face Landmarker. For general information on setting up your web and JavaScript development environment, including platform version requirements, see the Setup guide for web.

JavaScript packages

Face Landmarker code is available through the MediaPipe @mediapipe/tasks-vision NPM package. You can find and download these libraries by following the instructions in the platform Setup guide.

You can install the required packages through NPM using the following command:

npm install @mediapipe/tasks-vision

If you want to import the task code via a content delivery network (CDN) service, add the following code in the <head> tag in your HTML file:

<!-- You can replace JSDeliver with another CDN if you prefer to -->
  <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/@mediapipe/tasks-vision/vision_bundle.js"


The MediaPipe Face Landmarker task requires a trained model that is compatible with this task. For more information on available trained models for Face Landmarker, see the task overview Models section.

Select and download a model, and then store it within your project directory:


Create the task

Use one of the Face Landmarker createFrom...() functions to prepare the task for running inferences. Use the createFromModelPath() function with a relative or absolute path to the trained model file. If your model is already loaded into memory, you can use the createFromModelBuffer() method.

The code example below demonstrates using the createFromOptions() function to set up the task. The createFromOptions function allows you to customize the Face Landmarker with configuration options. For more information, see Configuration options.

The following code demonstrates how to build and configure the task with custom options:

const vision = await FilesetResolver.forVisionTasks(
  // path/to/wasm/root
const faceLandmarker = await faceLandmarker.createFromOptions(
      baseOptions: {
        modelAssetPath: "path/to/model"
      runningMode: runningMode

Configuration options

This task has the following configuration options for Web and JavaScript applications:

Option Name Description Value Range Default Value
running_mode Sets the running mode for the task. There are two modes:

IMAGE: The mode for single image inputs.

VIDEO: The mode for decoded frames of a video or on a livestream of input data, such as from a camera.
numFaces The maximum number of faces that can be detected by the the FaceLandmarker. Smoothing is only applied when num_faces is set to 1. Integer > 0 1
minFaceDetectionConfidence The minimum confidence score for the face detection to be considered successful. Float [0.0,1.0] 0.5
minFacePresenceConfidence The minimum confidence score of face presence score in the face landmark detection. Float [0.0,1.0] 0.5
minTrackingConfidence The minimum confidence score for the face tracking to be considered successful. Float [0.0,1.0] 0.5
outputFaceBlendshapes Whether Face Landmarker outputs face blendshapes. Face blendshapes are used for rendering the 3D face model. Boolean False
outputFacialTransformationMatrixes Whether FaceLandmarker outputs the facial transformation matrix. FaceLandmarker uses the matrix to transform the face landmarks from a canonical face model to the detected face, so users can apply effects on the detected landmarks. Boolean False

Prepare data

Face Landmarker can detect faces in images in any format supported by the host browser. The task also handles data input preprocessing, including resizing, rotation and value normalization. To landmark faces in videos, you can use the API to quickly process one frame at a time, using the timestamp of the frame to determine when the faces occur within the video.

Run the task

The Face Landmarker uses the detect() (with running mode IMAGE) and detectForVideo() (with running mode VIDEO) methods to trigger inferences. The task processes the data, attempts to landmark faces, and then reports the results.

Calls to the Face Landmarker detect() and detectForVideo() methods run synchronously and block the user interface thread. If you detect faces in video frames from a device's camera, each detection blocks the main thread. You can prevent this by implementing web workers to run the detect() and detectForVideo() methods on another thread.

The following code demonstrates how execute the processing with the task model:


const image = document.getElementById("image") as HTMLImageElement;
const faceLandmarkerResult = faceLandmarker.detect(image);


await faceLandmarker.setOptions({ runningMode: "VIDEO" });

let lastVideoTime = -1;
function renderLoop(): void {
  const video = document.getElementById("video");

  if (video.currentTime !== lastVideoTime) {
    const faceLandmarkerResult = faceLandmarker.detectForVideo(video);
    lastVideoTime = video.currentTime;

  requestAnimationFrame(() => {

For a more complete implementation of running an Face Landmarker task, see the code example.

Handle and display results

The Face Landmarker returns a result object for each detection run. The result object contains a face mesh for each detected face, with coordinates for each face landmark. Optionally, the result object can also contain blendshapes, which denote facial expressions, and a facial transformation matrix to apply face effects on the detected landmarks.

The following shows an example of the output data from this task:

    NormalizedLandmark #0:
      x: 0.5971359014511108
      y: 0.485361784696579
      z: -0.038440968841314316
    NormalizedLandmark #1:
      x: 0.3302789330482483
      y: 0.29289937019348145
      z: -0.09489090740680695
    ... (478 landmarks for each face)
    browDownLeft: 0.8296722769737244
    browDownRight: 0.8096957206726074
    browInnerUp: 0.00035583582939580083
    browOuterUpLeft: 0.00035752105759456754
    ... (52 blendshapes for each face)
    [9.99158978e-01, -1.23036895e-02, 3.91213447e-02, -3.70770246e-01]
    [1.66496094e-02,  9.93480563e-01, -1.12779640e-01, 2.27719707e+01]

The following image shows a visualization of the task output:

The Face Landmarker example code demonstrates how to display the results returned from the task, see the code example